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  • Water features: how to pick the right garden water pump

    garden water pump Blagdon Force-Hybrid garden water pump

    From the elaborate fountains of the Gardens of Versailles to the pools, streams and babbling brooks of the gold medal-winning show gardens of the Chelsea Flower Show, no luxury garden is complete without the presence of water. Bunny Guinness, an award winning landscape and garden designer, aptly summarised water’s singular appeal when she likened it to the ‘son et lumière’ of the garden. Fulfilling both the sound and light requirements of this depiction requires some work: a run-of-the-mill pond will bring light to your garden but not sound. To add both sound and light, you need a fully-fledged, fully-functioning water feature. Different water features have different requirements though, and you need to understand these differences to team your water feature up with the right accompanying garden water pump.

    Pond pumps

    If you don’t want your pond to slowly evolve into a murky swamp over time, you need to take steps to maintain it. Despite what you may have thought, ponds aren’t especially high maintenance - especially when you can delegate responsibility to a pond pump. With the precise regularity of a metronome, a pond pump will autonomously circulate water around your pond. By keeping the water of your pond in a constant state of flux, harmful bacteria are denied the opportunity to proliferate. The water doesn’t have the time to stagnate and the health of the water is sustained.

    Submersible pumps

    Submersible pumps are a prerequisite for any pond inhabited by fish. Fully waterproof, they sit submerged in the pond itself, providing a safe environment for all of its wildlife to not only survive, but flourish. Submersible pond pumps operate constantly, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. And when a piece of equipment is saddled with this level of responsibility (keeping a whole pond’s worth of wildlife alive constantly) it needs to be steadfastly durable. We only stock the highest quality submersible pond pumps here, so you can be certain of their longevity.

    Waterfall pumps

    Waterfall pumps are capable of doing the heavy lifting required to sustain more elaborate water features - those that involve running water. When you have water flowing in tandem with the force of gravity, you need a force powerful enough to fight against it and resupply the top of the stream with water. A waterfall pump is more than capable of doing this, keeping your water feature running smoothly in the process.

    Water features are a signifier of luxury. And with any luxurious and ostentatious display, there is a huge amount of work, just below the surface, that goes into propping it up. Every water feature needs an accompanying pump propping it up. Without the pump, the water feature can’t function properly. Hopefully you’ve come away from this post with a better understanding of the requirements for installing a working water feature in your garden.

  • How do garden water pumps work?

    Garden pumps are an essential component in keeping your garden fresh, green, garden water pumpsand clean. There are different types of pump, namely submersible and external – but the basic premise of how they work is relatively similar. This article aims to give a brief explanation of how garden pumps work and outline their various functions.


    A submersible garden pump's primary component is its impeller which moves the water through the water intake pipe and the water outlet pipe. The intake pipe is connected to inbuilt filters which clean the water as it passes through before being re-distributed via the outlet pipe.

    The pump is often powered by an electric motor which is why it is essential that a submersible pump is entirely waterproof. The electricity flows through wires in an enclosed block to separate the current from any possible contact with the water – thus ensuring personal safety.

    It is the electric motor which turns the impeller, and the vanes of the impeller discharge the water with each revolution. Due to the impeller's high speed, the flow of water appears continuous. In terms of composition, the garden pump is perhaps one of the most straightforward desgins.

    Submersible or Non-Submersible

    A submersible pump is relatively easy to grasp. The pump is placed beneath the surface of the water, meaning it is suited to gardens where space is at a premium. Submerging the pump creates a more aesthetically pleasing result since there is minimal machinery exposed.

    An exposed non-submersible pump sits to the side of the pond and has a more complex installation process. Before activating the pump, you need to make sure that the pipes contain water to ensure the pump does not begin by sucking air. It is also advisable to have secure housing for your external pump in order to separate it from small children and sunlight.


    Garden pumps can be utilised in numerous ways. Firstly, they can be used to maintain your garden’s water features, for example, a pond or a fountain. A pump will keep the water circulating around your pond, this keeps the water fresh and helps prevent the build-up of algae. In this regard, a filtration pump is ideal because it aids the oxygenation of the water. Garden pumps are exceptional at keeping water running and preventing stagnation.

    A garden pump can also be used to water the lawn since the installation of a pump allows you to transfer large amounts of water to different areas. This feature can also be used to fill a pool elsewhere in the garden.

    In summary, garden pumps are a beneficial addition to your garden – especially if you are considering creating a water feature or already have one that requires maintenance. Garden pumps come in varied forms and offer a range of possibilities, one is sure to fit your needs, and here at Pump Sales Direct, we have a selection of high-quality garden water pumps. For more information, call us on 0800 008 6405, email , or use our contact form.

  • An Introduction to Agricultural Irrigation

    For the unfamiliar, agricultural irrigation is the manual application of water to land for the purpose of growing and sustaining crops. What sounds like a simple process is actually bewilderingly complex at times. With climate and crops differing by region, a variety of irrigation techniques have emerged, which, while useful, also serves to complicate matters further. To help you sift through the confusing world of irrigation, we have produced this guide to the most popular, effective and efficient techniques.

    Flood irrigation

    flood irrigation

    Flood irrigation is the oldest and most inefficient form of agricultural irrigation. As its name suggests, flood irrigation essentially consists of allowing water to flow freely through a field of crops. Its haphazard application makes it an attractive choice for farmers that are reluctant to splash out on a complicated (and sometimes expensive) delivery system of pipes and pumps, but it also makes it extremely inefficient. Over half of the water intended to nourish crops is actually lost to evaporation, run-off, transpiration and infiltration of unintended areas, making flood irrigation a poor choice for those who are environmentally conscious.

    Pressurised irrigation

    Unlike flood irrigation, which can occur almost without human intervention, drip and flood irrigation is reliant on an elaborate system that provides them with a supply of pressurised water. Composed of a water source, a pump that is capable of pressurising the water, as well as a means of actually transferring water to the crops; pressurised irrigation systems are far more complex than their flood irrigation counterparts. This complexity allows pressurised systems to be far more efficient and effective, but it also makes them far more likely to break down.

    Drip irrigation

    self priming pump

    Drip irrigation is, by some distance, the most efficient form of agricultural irrigation, but it is also one of the most difficult to maintain. A network of pipes, interwoven with emitters at strategic locations, allow water to be dropped directly onto the root zone of crops with unerring accuracy, so much so, that it can result in a 95% distribution uniformity, which, for the unaware, is a measure of how evenly water soaks into the ground during irrigation.

    Sprinkler irrigation

    Sprinkler irrigation works in much the same way as drip irrigation does, just in a slightly less efficient manner. Water travels from the source, becomes pressurised thanks to a self-priming pump, and is then distributed across crop fields by a selection of sprinklers. If the sprinklers are positioned optimally, and water is applied in a uniform fashion, sprinkler irrigation can be relatively efficient. What makes sprinkler irrigation less efficient than its pressurised cousin drip irrigation, is that it can be thwarted by adverse weather conditions - even a simple breeze can drastically affect the trajectory of water from sprinklers.

  • Things to Consider Before Buying a Hot Tub

    According to the British and Irish Spa and Hot Tub Association, there are 10,000 hot tubs sold in the UK annually. If you are considering adding to that number and taking the plunge yourself, there are a number of things you should know first.

    Deciding between the different types of hot tub

    Negotiating the minefield that is the world of hot tubs is far from a straightforward task. And if you want to make the right decision, you’re going to need to know about the different types of hot tubs. They vary by the external coating that defines their appearance, and the jets that determine the kind of experience they're going to give you. Above-ground hot tubs are considerably cheaper than their in-ground counterparts and have the benefit of being loosely ‘portable’ - they can be moved, but, on average, they still weigh 225 pounds.

    The cheapest and most portable hot tubs are inflatable or made from PVC, and the higher end ones are made from acrylic or wood. The complexities of hot tubs don’t end there though - hot tubs can be differentiated by the labels: whirlpool tub, jacuzzi or indoor spa. Despite the apparent differences, they are all relatively similar. All hot tubs are capable of producing the ‘whirlpool’ action of water, the term indoor spa is pretty much interchangeable with hot tub, and Jacuzzi is a brand name that  has over time become synonymous with the term 'hot tub.'

    Deterring health concerns

    In 2014, Huffington Post ran a horrifying article on hot tubs, bringing to light the plethora of diseases and infections that can get to you via the simmering water and steam of a hot tub. From ‘hot tub rash’ to a potentially fatal respiratory infection called Legionnaire’s Disease, the article certainly pulled no punches. While a single read-through would be enough to put many a potential hot-tub owner off, it did stress how achievable it is to vanquish microbes from the water, and we’re going to do the same here.

    There are a number of signifiers that are indicative of an unsafe hot tub- an odour, sticky or slippery tiles, an absence of the sound of a working filter, and a temperature in excess of 40°C. More subtle warnings are a pH that isn’t between 7.2 and 7.8 and an unbalanced composition of chlorine or bromine - these you can check with a test strip.

    How much will a hot tub set you back?


    Initial costs, installation costs and running costs for hot tubs all depend on the type of hot tub you elect to buy. Initial costs can vary from a few hundred pounds for inflatable versions to tens of thousands for an in-ground wooden or acrylic one. Running costs are similarly variable, but not quite to the same extent as initial cost of course. Inflatable hot tubs can be plugged straight into a mains socket but more elaborate hot tubs may require re-calibration when it comes to plumbing, electrical and even gas work.

    Given that hot tubs are essentially kept warm 24/7 whatever the weather, it is fair to say that they can surmount a considerable challenge to the health of your finances. The US Consortium for Energy Efficiency suggests that the running costs of a hot tub typically account for half of a single home’s entire energy use.

    How is your hot tub going to affect the environment?

    Grundfos Magna

    Accordingly, you can imagine that the effect on the environment is equally significant. If you are considering investing in a hot tub that is anything more substantial than an inflatable one, it is also worth  investing in an infrastructure to accommodate it properly - an infrastructure that will minimise your tubs running costs as well as its contribution to global warming. A Grundfos Magna circulator will do both of those.


  • Keeping your garden pristine in adverse weather

    Maintaining a garden can be a trying undertaking at the best of times. When the weather isn’t quite in your favour, the work involved can be excessive. Fortunately though, there are a number of measures you can take to ensure the garden that you have invested hundreds of hours of work into remains pristine even in adverse weather conditions - from droughts to floods. Solutions range from permanent to temporary; some require a transformative change in your approach to plant cultivation, whilst others require nothing of the sort.


    tt pumps

    Floods caused over £1.5 billion worth of damage during the UK floods of late 2015 and early 2016. Rain is essential for the growth of almost every garden plant yet an overly excessive outpouring can derail the health of even the sturdiest garden. Whilst us Brits are more than well accustomed to receiving our fair share of rain, sometimes it can overwhelm and lead to floods - especially if our gardens lack adequate drainage and runoff.

    The only immediate and 100% effective response is to employ a submersible drainage pump. The trencher range of tt pumps is particularly well-equipped to handle water containing sand and silt, which is common with a flooded garden.


    As we transition from summer to autumn, the likelihood of stronger winds multiplies. Burgeoning plants are best supported by wooden stakes that help to prevent them from wilting under the pressure of strong winds. A similarly simple and straightforward countermeasure you can take to safeguard your garden is installing a temporary windbreak - plastic screening tied to a couple of posts is probably your best bet.

    More permanent and natural alternatives require a slightly longer-term approach. Interspersing layers of trees and shrubs can generate a natural windbreak. Similarly, electing to keep trees that border a garden can help to protect the plants within from wind damage.


    I am sure the suggestion that areas of the UK are likely to experience drought is likely to raise a few eyebrows, but the effect of climate change has already been dramatic, and drought is a very real prospect every time summer comes around. Ways of combatting drought can consist of the complex and exciting (xeriscaping) to the simple and the mundane (adding mulch and compost).

    Xerophytes are organisms that can survive with little to no water, and are therefore more than capable of outlasting a British drought, which is defined as 3 or more weeks where less than a third of the typical volume of precipitation falls. Acclaimed because of their ability to take on a drought, xerophytes are also popular because they require very little maintenance, making them a very strong choice when a lack of rainfall is predicted. They do however; require an overhaul of your garden if you plan on adopting this approach for your garden in its entirety.

    Simply adding mulch and compost are two far faster and cost-effective ways of fighting drought. Mulch can help off-set high temperatures by up to 10°C, ensuring the soil stays cool and the roots of your plants are able to uptake moisture.

  • How the human race is defending itself against flooding

    Although it might not feel like it, the UK is widely expected to suffer a drought in incoming months. And whilst it may seem like the worst time to start preparing for a flood, it is arguably the best. Floods are often so damaging because the defences made to combat them are often a case of too little, too late. And, unlike a waterlogged garden, you can’t just use drainage pumps. Through months, and sometimes years of preparation, areas of the world have been able to successfully defend themselves against floods. Here are some of the most interesting cases.

    Flood barrierdrainage pumps

    The Eastern Scheldt storm surge barrier in the Netherlands is the largest of its kind in the world. Designed and constructed in response to the devastating 1953 North Sea Flood that proved fatal for thousands, the Oosterscheldekering (as it is also known) incorporates 4 kilometres sluice-gate-type doors that are only closed during adverse weather conditions. It has been so successful that (as part of the broader Delta Works project) it has been named one of the Seven Wonders of the Modern World by the American Society of Civil Engineers.

    Hydroelectric dam

    Whilst the Oosterscheldekering is essentially a flood barrier, the Three Gorges Dam in China also doubles as a hydroelectric dam. Because of its 22 cubic km flood storage capacity, the dam is slated to reduce major downstream flooding as an incidence from one in every ten years to one in every hundred years. Alongside its proficiency as an anti-flood measure, the Three Gorges Dam also provides enough electricity to provide for 3% of the national demand.

    Channel modification

     In order to circumvent the pooling of rivers that causes flooding, the river course can be widened, deepened and straightened, to make the speed of flow of the water faster. Channel modification has been carried out on 25% of all the main rivers in England and Wales. While it is clear that channelisation has helped to reduce the risk of flooding, it can also have negative ecological repercussions - the dredging of the Charlton River in northern Missouri in the US caused the number of species present in the modified areas to fall to 13. In the natural areas of the river, 21 different species remained.

    Managed/ ecological flooding

    Ecological flooding is a more recent approach to combatting flooding. Why would you encourage the very thing you are trying to prevent? The answer is that, whilst you are allowing flooding to occur, you are only allowing it to happen in areas that you specify, which prevents it from happening in the highly areas you do not want it to happen. Aside from - diverted floodwaters away from settlements, managed flooding also aids the animal kingdom. An investigation of the ramifications of managed flooding in south-eastern Australia, found that it promoted the diversity of species present.

    Afforestationdrainage pumps

    Afforestation is potentially the most environmentally friendly anti-flood measure. By introducing more greenery, more rainwater is intercepted and used for photosynthesis and consequently prevented from ever reaching the river. The Mississippi River is one notable example of how this approach has paid dividends. As a counter-measure to the 1993 floods, a programme of afforestation was pursued and it has ultimately helped to reduce flooding by reducing the river discharge.

    With global warming making summers drier but winters wetter, do you think we should be doing more to combat the threat of flooding?

  • 6 home modifications to help you save energy

    Money doesn’t grow on trees so we’ve put together six simple modifications you can make to your house and garden that will help you save on energy bills.
    drainage pumps home modifications to help you save energy

    1. Insulate or top up your insulation

    First, insulation. Not very glamorous and in fact hard to see once it’s done, but what a difference it makes. It can turn a draughty old property into a cosy home. It’s estimated that a quarter of the heat in a home is lost through the roof if it’s not properly insulated, and the payback is immediate.

    You may think that your roof has been insulated, but if it was done a few years ago, it’s probably nowhere near the standard of insulation that is now regarded as adequate. If your roof space is not too complex or irregular, you can try doing this as a DIY job. Use mineral wool, which is available in rolls. Start by putting a layer between the joists, and then put the next layer at right angles to cover the joists and achieve a sufficient depth.

    Be aware though that while the house is warmer, the roof space is colder, so any pipes in the roof will need lagging.


    2. Double-glaze doors and windows

    As well as making the house much quieter, and which of us wouldn’t welcome that, this will have a major effect on keeping draughts out and heat in. Other advantages include no more rattling window frames if you live in a windy area, so you can enjoy improved sleep and warmer mornings.


    3. Consider changing your boiler

    This is a somewhat controversial area, and you need to balance the energy-efficiency of new boilers with their shorter life and higher maintenance costs. With a new boiler coming in at £2,000, it’s not something you want to replace often. Yet some of the new energy-efficient boilers have poor reputations for longevity. And they really need to be on a monthly maintenance plan, which makes them less cost-effective. You need to weigh up your heating needs and consider the size of your house and the region you live in.


    4. Invest in a programmable controller for your heating

    One degree down on the thermostat is equal to 3% down on your energy use and therefore on your bill, so take a look at your thermostat. But once you’ve done that, make sure that your programmable controller is reflecting your heating needs and isn’t running when you’re at work. When the clocks change, adjust the heating timer straight away.


    5. Replacing drainage pumps

    People who use drainage pumps for ponds or swimming pools need to make sure they’re up to date. The new models are far more energy-efficient and retain suction, so they don’t have to be run for so long.


    6. Invest in new appliances

    You may think your freezer is a low-energy appliance, but you have to remember that it is on 24/7, so any reduction in the energy it uses is going to pay a big dividend. It’s worth getting a super-rated fridge and freezer next time, because these both need to operate at maximum efficiency. And keep the freezer filled as far as possible, because an empty freezer is even less efficient.

    Shop our drainage pumps online now. With these provisions in place, you should be sitting smugly when the next lot of winter storms rolls in.


  • 10 energy-saving tips for your hot tub

    With the unpredictable British summer it’s important to make the most out of your hot tub when you can but that doesn’t have to mean costly overhead costs. The team here at Pump Sales Direct have put together a few energy saving tips to help you relax that little bit more.

    energy-saving tips for your hot tub with circulating pumps 1. Buy a multi-mode tub

    Make sure your tub has economy, sleep and standard modes of operating. Sleep mode generally heats the water to a few degrees below the temperature you’ve set, and only does so during filter cycles when the pump is running. When you want to use the tub, you only have to bring up to your preferred temperature - not heat the water from scratch.

    Standard usually maintains whatever temperature you have pre-set. Economy heats the water right up to the temperature you’ve set, but only during filter cycles.


    2. Investigate energy-efficient circulating pumps

    If you have an older pump, you’d be well advised to invest in a new one. Circulating pumps have become much more efficient, and pump efficiency is the key determinant of how much energy your hot tub uses.


    3. Two pumps may be better than one

    There are two pumping jobs in hot tubs. One task is moving the water through the system. The second task is pumping the water through the jets. However, some systems use a low-energy pump to keep the water circulating and another pump for the water jets. Since the water jets are only turned on when needed, a lot of the time the lower-wattage pump is the only one in use. However, this is initially a more expensive option, and some more sophisticated pumps can combine these options.


    4. Make sure you can adjust the duration of the filter cycle

    This can make a lot of difference to how much energy your tub uses. Good models will allow you to set any number between one and eight or ten hours.


    5. Put it in the right place

    Site the tub where it isn’t subject to strong winds constantly cooling the water and where you can possibly put an insulation layer below it to conserve heat and keep the base of the tub off the colder ground. If wind is a problem and it will be difficult to re-position the tub, you need to erect a windbreak such as a hedge or fencing panels. This will also make getting out of the tub a more pleasant experience.


    6. Use the sun

    Solar panels on your tub’s cover can store energy even when it’s not sunny; they use the daylight. If your tub is outside, this is an ideal energy store.


    7. It may be cheaper to leave your tub on

    If you are using your tub frequently, it may be cheaper to leave it on than to allow it to cool completely and then heat the water up again.


    8. Check the lid

    Make sure that the lid fits correctly and doesn’t have any damage from wear and tear. The more snugly it fits, the less heat will escape.


    9. Easy on the bubbles

    Bubbles are great fun, but of course producing them involves pumping air into the tub. As soon as you do this, the water temperature starts to fall so the heating has to kick in. So if you want to economise, run the bubbles program less often.


    10. It’s going to cost more to use on a cold day

    It's obvious really, but the greater the difference between the ambient temperature (the air) and the temperature of the water in the tub, the more rapidly the heat will escape into the surrounding air, and the more heating up will have to take place to maintain the water temperature.

    Find out more about installing a tub then sit back and relax!

  • Summer water-saving tips for your garden

    Have you ever considered how much precious water we use to keep our gardens looking green and beautiful? There are several ways in which you can reduce your levels of irrigation and other water usage throughout the summer months. Some alternatives may require a garden water pump to boost water pressure or to circulate it efficiently.

    Summer Water-Saving Tips for Your Garden: Garden Water Pumps


    Don't apply water during the heat of the day, as over 30% may be lost to evaporation. It is best to apply water from 6am to 10am, as this ensures that it has time to infiltrate down through the soil layers to be stored at a safe depth rather than being drawn back up and into the atmosphere. Watering at night can result in the growth of mildew and fungi on your lawn or plants, so it should be avoided.

    Don't overwater your lawn or garden, as this can result in disease. Furthermore, run-off can carry pesticides and fertilizer into nearby streams, where it can cause serious environmental damage. How do you know how much you have watered? Place a rain gauge to measure the amount of water falling from your sprinklers. On average, and depending on the grass variety, you should be applying about 1.3 cm of water twice a week. You can check the uniformity of your sprinklers by placing tins such as empty tuna cans around your laws to see that your sprinklers are doing their job properly.

    Watering infrequently but deeply will encourage root growth so that plants will become stronger and are able to tap into water within the soil when there are dry periods. Don't worry too much about your lawn, as if it is under-watered, such as during a drought, it can go into a state of dormancy for periods of up to two months, depending on the grass variety. So if your lawn isn’t heavily used by children or animals, it will do no harm to leave it without water for a while.

    Don't water the street! Check that your sprinklers and hoses are putting the water where it is needed most and not on the neighbour's garden.


    Garden water pumps

    Try using rain barrels to capture water either directly or through the gutters of the house or greenhouse roof. Water can then be stored till needed, and with a small garden water pump you can hook the water up to your irrigation system. With your own pump you can then apply the right volume of water to the specific part of the garden that you need.


    Garden Care

    Raise your mower blades before you mow the lawn to leave a depth of grass that can easily compete with weeds and moss. In the flower-beds, minimize weeds, as both of these reduce soil water content.



    Pond pumps will move water around your pond, which prevents the build-up of harmful bacteria. Healthy water will attract wildlife to your garden without your having to empty your pond on a regular basis. Ponds that contain fish need to have the water aerated, and a well-fitted pumping system will prevent the need to regularly empty your fish pond.


    Pump Sales Direct can supply various types of garden water pump. Find out what type of garden pump is right for you.

  • Installing a hot tub in your garden this summer?

    A hot tub is rarely an impulse purchase, so it's important to be fully aware of all the options and possibilities before you part with your hard-earned cash in order to make the most of your money.

    Calpeda pumps

    The first tip is not to focus too much on the upfront cost of your hot tub. Although it may seem as though you are paying less, cheaper models can often end up costing you far more in the long run as they require more maintenance and ongoing care. If you want to avoid finding yourself regretting your purchase months or years down the line, focus instead on the overall efficiency and build quality of the tub you wish to buy.

    What you need to know

    Three main factors contribute to the efficiency of any hot tub: the type of insulation, the construction of the cover and the quality of the pump and motor. When it comes to insulation, hot tubs can make use of expanding foam or so-called dead air space between the cabinet and the shell. Foam is believed by many to provide better heat retention, but it can make it difficult to access the internal parts of the tub in the event of a leak or component failure. Cheaper covers tend to mean made from regular vinyl, but those crafted from marine-quality vinyl are better able to withstand the full range of weather conditions that your garden is likely to experience over the course of a year. A cover should fit snugly to improve heat retention and help keep the water cleaner for longer.

    Calpeda pumps

    The pump is the heart of any hot tub set-up, so look for a brand with a solid reputation in this field. When it comes to choosing the horsepower rating of your pump, don't get carried away with the notion that bigger is better. If your pipework is insufficient or the jets on your hot tub are too weak, a more powerful pump will be of little benefit. Calpeda pumps are suitable for a wide range of domestic leisure applications, including swimming pools, hot tubs and jacuzzi baths. Made from high-quality materials and built to last, Calpeda pumps will provide you with many years of reliable service. Our range of Calpeda pumps includes models that provide a high gallon-per-minute rating coupled with a low horsepower rating, meaning they are more efficient and ultimately cost less to run.


    If you are joining the hot tub owner club for the very first time, it's important to make sure you are fully aware of the amount of maintenance required. Checking the chemical balance on a regular basis and adjusting it by adding chemicals is essential if you want to enjoy trouble-free bathing. You'll also need to ensure that your filters - which remove body oils, lotions, hair spray and other potential contaminants from your water - are working correctly. If you want to save yourself time, be sure to choose a tub model that makes use of a pressure side rather than a suction side filter as this can typically clean all the water in just 15 minutes. Suction side filters can take as long as four hours to do the same job.

    If you invest the necessary time into looking at the many hot tub options available and choose one that is crafted from high-quality materials and fitted out with branded components, you'll be rewarded with the pleasure of a hot tub you can enjoy for many years to come.

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